The State of Sports!

Get New Bio Updates
on Facebook!

All you need to know about New Jersey sports history.

Baseball Basketball Boxing & Wrestling Football Hockey Golf Soccer Tennis Track & Field

Auto Racing Horse Racing Olympic Sports Women's Sports Miscellaneous Sports


Duke Esper

Sport: Baseball

Born: July 28, 1867

Died: August 31, 1910

Town: Salem

Charles H. Esbacher was born July 28, 1867 in Salem. A left-handed pitcher who threw from various angles and could change speed, spin and location, Charley Esbacher reinvented himself as Duke Esper when he began to hone his craft on the semipro ballfields in South Jersey and around Philadelphia. Duke was an ironworker who suffered from an irregular heartbeat, so when he was offered a chance in 1889 to pitch professionally in the Delaware League he jumped at the chance.

Duke showed enough to catch on as an extra arm with the Philadelphia Athletics in 1890. He pitched well early but faded over the summer—as did the Athletics. The team released Duke and after pitching a couple of games for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys, he returned to Philadelphia as a member of the Phillies—and was a perfect 5–0 down the stretch. When the dust settled on his rookie campaign, Duke was 13–11. The following season, he won 20 games for the Phillies, astounding fans who were well aware of his bad ticker. Three of those wins came in head-to-head battles with the great Cy Young in a match-up for the National League’s softest tosser and hardest thrower. The Phillies made sure to pitch Esper whenever Young was on the mound. His career record against the Hall of Famer was 7–7.

Despite Duke’s heroics—and a 13–6 record midway through the 1892 season—the Phillies released him and he finished the year with Pittsburgh. He returned to Philadelphia over the winter, when he tended bar and kept patrons amused with his tales of life in the big leagues. In 1893 he signed to play with the Washington Senators, a dreadful club with a terrible defense. Duke pitched his heart out (almost literally), enduring 334 innings on the mound and going 12–28. Duke was unhappy in Washington and made it well known. The Senators traded him to the Baltimore Orioles during the summer of 1894, and with a reduced work load and a better team behind him, he won 10 of his 12 decisions down the stretch to help the O’s win their first pennant. Duke was given the honor of starting Game 1 of the Temple Cup against the second-place Giants and lost to Amos Rusie.

Duke pitched well for Baltimore in 1895 and 1896, going a combined 24–17 and contributing to two more pennants. His sinker and change-up bedeviled enemy hitters. Late in 1896, his stamina was so poor that the team didn’t bother to pitch him in the final month. In 1897, the Milwaukee Brewers—a minor-league club—made a deal with Baltimore manager Ned Hanlon to buy Duke for $1,000.

The Orioles never cashed the check and sent Duke to St. Louis Browns instead after the Browns' owner claimed he had not passed through proper waivers. The busted transaction came at the expense of the new Milwaukee manager, a former catcher named Connie Mack. The Browns were a train wreck, going 29–102. Duke was the only lefty on the staff, and completed 7 of his 8 starts but won just once. He was so out of shape that the team suspended him. The Browns were bad again in 1898, winning 39 and losing 111 in the NL’s expanded schedule. Duke went 3–5 for the team in what would be his final big-league season. He was released in July.

Duke spent several years as a Philadelphia policeman and also ran a restaurant. He died at 45—not of a bad heart, but of a bad liver. His lifetime record of 101–100 seems a reflection of mediocrity, but there was nothing mediocre about his pitching. When Duke was on, few lefties were better. When he wasn’t, few were worse.


Player Profiles

Pro Teams

College Teams

NJ Baseball History

Great Moments

It Happened in Jersey



• Who We Are
• Email Us
• Don't Know Spit?



They still play sports outside NJ. Check out 300 more athlete bios at

All images on this site are from the collection of the authors. They are used for educational and informational purposes and are subject to standard copyright laws.

Copyright © 2021 Upper Case Editorial Services, LLC.